Security Council Extends until 30 January 2013 Mandate of UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus, Adopting Resolution 2058 (2012) by Vote of 13-0-2
6809th Meeting (AM)
Security Council Extends Until 30 January 2013 Mandate of UN Peacekeeping Force
in Cyprus, Adopting Resolution 2058 (2012) by Vote of 13-0-2
Urging the leaders of the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities to work towards “decisive progress” on the core issues that divided them, the Security Council this morning extended the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for a further period ending 30 January 2013.
Adopting resolution 2058 (2012) through a vote of 13 in favour and 2 abstentions (Azerbaijan and Pakistan), the Council acknowledged progress made so far in the so-called “fully-fledged” negotiations between the two sides, which were facilitated by the United Nations, but noted that the talks had not yet resulted in a comprehensive and durable settlement.
In that context, the Council urged the implementation of confidence-building measures, calling on the leaders to improve the public atmosphere in which the negotiations were proceeding and to increase civil society’s participation in the process.
The Council also urged all parties to be more forthcoming in accommodating the exhumation requirements of the Committee for Missing Persons by providing access throughout the island, including military areas, and called for the reaching of mutual agreements on the buffer zone, as well as for facilitation of demining activity, among other measures.
UNFICYP was originally established in 1964 to prevent further fighting between the two communities. After the hostilities of 1974, it has supervised the ceasefire lines, maintained a buffer zone, carried out humanitarian activities and supported the Office’s mission of the Secretary-General.
Explaining his abstention after the vote, the representative of Azerbaijan said that the text did not give enough support to the good offices mission of the Secretary-General and lacked an emphasis on fostering a result-oriented process, along with assurances that the Mission would act in full accordance with the situation on the ground.
The Pakistani representative expressed disappointment on the procedure and substance of the resolution, regretting what he called the lack of open, inclusive and transparent negotiations, which should have taken into account the view of the Secretary-General, the parties and all Council members in order to reach consensus.
The meeting began at 10:15 a.m. and ended at 10:23 a.m.
The full text of resolution 2038 (2012) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 29 June 2012 (S/2012/507) on the United Nations operation in Cyprus,
“Noting that the Government of Cyprus is agreed that in view of the prevailing conditions on the island it is necessary to keep the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) beyond 19 July 2012,
“Echoing the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the responsibility for finding a solution lies first and foremost with the Cypriots themselves, and reaffirming the primary role of the United Nations in assisting the parties to bring the Cyprus conflict and division of the island to a comprehensive and durable settlement,
“Welcoming the progress made so far in the fully fledged negotiations, and the leaders’ joint statements including those of 23 May and 1 July 2008,
“Recalling the importance attached by the international community to all parties engaging fully, flexibly and constructively in the negotiations, and noting that the move towards a more intensive phase of negotiations has not yet resulted in an enduring, comprehensive and just settlement based on a bicommunal, bizonal federation with political equality, as set out in the relevant Security Council resolutions, encouraging the sides to proceed with the substantive negotiations on the core issues, and stressing that the status quo is unsustainable,
“Welcoming the efforts of the Secretary-General to stimulate progress during his meeting with the two leaders on 31 October 2011 and 23 January 2012, and expressing continued support for his efforts,
“Noting the need to advance the consideration of and discussions on military confidence-building measures, calling for renewed efforts to implement all remaining confidence-building measures, and for agreement on and implementation of further steps to build trust between the communities,
“Reaffirming the importance of continued crossings of the Green Line by Cypriots, and encouraging the opening by mutual agreement of other crossing points,
“Convinced of the many important benefits, including economic benefits, for all Cypriots that would flow from a comprehensive and durable Cyprus settlement, urging the two sides and their leaders to foster positive public rhetoric, and encouraging them clearly to explain the benefits of the settlement, as well as the need for increased flexibility and compromise in order to secure it, to both communities well in advance of any eventual referenda,
“Considering that undermining the United Nations credibility undermines the peace process itself,
“Highlighting the importance of the supporting role of the international community, and in particular that of the parties concerned in taking practical steps towards helping the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders to exploit fully the current opportunity,
“Taking note of the assessment of the Secretary-General that the security situation on the island and along the Green Line remains stable, and urging all sides to avoid any action which could lead to an increase in tension, undermine the progress achieved so far, or damage the goodwill on the island,
“Recalling the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the situation in the buffer zone would be improved if both sides accepted the 1989 aide-memoire used by the United Nations,
“Noting with regret that the sides are withholding access to the remaining minefields in the buffer zone, and that demining in Cyprus must continue, noting the continued danger posed by mines in Cyprus, and urging rapid agreement on facilitating the recommencement of demining operations and clearance of the remaining minefields,
“Highlighting the importance of the activities of the Committee on Missing Persons, urging the opening up of access to all areas to allow the Committee to carry out their work, and trusting that this process will promote reconciliation between the communities,
“Agreeing that active participation of civil society groups, including women’s groups, is essential to the political process and can contribute to making any future settlement sustainable, recalling that women play an important role in peace processes, welcoming all efforts to promote bicommunal contacts and events including, inter alia, on the part of all United Nations bodies on the island, and urging the two sides to promote the active engagement of civil society and the encouragement of cooperation between economic and commercial bodies and to remove all obstacles to such contacts,
“Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to peacekeeping deployments,
“Welcoming the intention of the Secretary-General to keep all peacekeeping operations under close review to ensure efficiency and effectiveness, including a review of UNFICYP when appropriate, and noting the importance of contingency planning in relation to the settlement, including recommendations as appropriate for further adjustments to UNFICYP’s mandate, force levels and other resources and concept of operations, taking into account developments on the ground and the views of the parties,
“Welcoming also the continued efforts of Alexander Downer as the Secretary-General’s Special Advisor with a mandate to assist the parties in the conduct of fully-fledged negotiations aimed at reaching a comprehensive settlement, and the efforts of Lisa Buttenheim as the Secretary-General’s Special Representative,
“Echoing the Secretary-General’s gratitude to the Government of Cyprus and the Government of Greece for their voluntary contributions to the funding of UNFICYP, and his request for further voluntary contributions from other countries and organizations, and expressing appreciation to member states that contribute personnel to UNFICYP,
“Welcoming and encouraging efforts by the United Nations to sensitize peacekeeping personnel in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases in all its peacekeeping operations,
“1. Acknowledges the progress made so far in the fully fledged negotiations, but notes that this has not been sufficient and has not yet resulted in a comprehensive and durable settlement, and urges the sides to continue their discussions to reach decisive progress on the core issues;
“2. Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General (S/2012/507);
“3. Recalls Security Council resolution 2026 (2011), and calls upon the two leaders to:
“(a) Put their efforts behind further work on reaching convergences on the core issues;
“(b) Continue to work with the Technical Committees with the objective of improving the daily lives of the Cypriots;
“(c) Improve the public atmosphere in which the negotiations are proceeding, including by focussing public messages on convergences and the way ahead, and delivering more constructive and harmonised messages; and
“(d) Increase the participation of civil society in the process as appropriate;
“4. Urges the implementation of confidence-building measures, and looks forward to agreement on and implementation of further such steps, including military confidence building measures and the opening of other crossing points;
“5. Urges all parties to be more forthcoming in accommodating the Committee for Missing Persons exhumation requirements by providing unrestricted access throughout the island, including in military areas in the north;
“6. Reaffirms all its relevant resolutions on Cyprus, in particular resolution 1251 (1999) of 29 June 1999 and subsequent resolutions;
“7. Expresses its full support for UNFICYP and decides to extend its mandate for a further period ending 31 January 2013;
“8. Calls on both sides to continue to engage, as a matter of urgency and while respecting UNFICYP’s mandate, in consultations with UNFICYP on the demarcation of the buffer zone, and on the United Nations 1989 aide-memoire, with a view to reaching early agreement on outstanding issues;
“9. Calls on the Turkish Cypriot side and Turkish forces to restore in Strovilia the military status quo which existed there prior to 30 June 2000;
“10. Calls on both sides to allow access to deminers and to facilitate the removal of the remaining mines in Cyprus within the buffer zone, and urges both sides to extend demining operations outside the buffer zone;
“11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on implementation of this resolution, including on contingency planning in relation to the settlement, by 10 January 2013 and to keep the Security Council updated on events as necessary;
“12. Welcomes the efforts being undertaken by UNFICYP to implement the Secretary-General’s zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to ensure full compliance of its personnel with the United Nations code of conduct, requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all necessary action in this regard and to keep the Security Council informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action including the conduct of pre-deployment awareness training, and to take disciplinary action and other action to ensure full accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
“13. Decides to remain seized of the matter.”
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